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Where to Find Slave Records

United States Census Slave Schedule, 1850 ( – List the names of slave owners along with the ages, genders, and color of slaves owned in Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Virginia

United States Census Slave Schedule, 1860 ( – List the names of slave owners along with the ages, genders, and color of slaves owned

African Origins ( – An online database of over ninety-one thousand Africans carried on slave ships into the Atlantic

Slave Voyages ( – An online database of slave voyages between 1514 to 1866

RG 36 Records of the United States Customs Service, 1745-1982 – The Customs Service assisted other agencies in enforcing slave trade laws passed between 1794-1820.  Manifests exist for the ports of Philadelphia (1790-1840), New Orleans (1819-1852 and 1860-1861), Mobile (1822-1860), and Savannah (1801-1860) that can be found through the National Archives and Records Administration.

U.S., Southeast Coastwise Inward and Outward Slave Manifests, 1790-1860 ( –’s online database of manifests of slaves arriving in Georgia, South Carolina and Alabama

Slave Manifests for the Port of Philadelphia, 8/1800 – 4/1860 ( – The U.S. Customs Service records of slaves aboard ships departing from Philadelphia in 1800, and records of slaves aboard ships destined for Savannah, Charleston, New Orleans and Pensacola, Florida from 1820-1860

New Orleans, Louisiana, Slave Manifests, 1807-1860 ( –’s online database of slaves transported from New Orleans on ships within United States coastal waters

Slave Ships South Carolina ( – An online database of manifests from 1820 to 1860 with destinations and slave names

Slave Manifests for Charleston ( – Manifests of slave ships bound for Charleston, South Carolina from 1820 to 1858

Survivors From the Cargo of the Negro Slave Yacht Wanderer by Charles J. Montgomery ( – A document written about the illegal cargo of 409 Africans to Jekyll Island, Georgia from various Congo tribes in 1858

The University of North Carolina Greensboro Digital Library on American Slavery (

FamilySearch Slavery Era Insurance Registry ( – Insurance policies held by slaveholders for the death of or damage to their slaves

U.S., Slave Era Insurance Policies Index, 1640-1865 ( –’s online index of insurance policies registered in Illinois to slaveholders for the death or damage of their slaves during times of slavery in the United States

Rootsweb Slave Archival Collection ( – A database of U.S. enslaved ancestors, along with stories of their lives

Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy from 1719-1820 ( – An online searchable database created by Rutgers University professor Dr. Gwendolyn Midlo Hall including the background of one hundred thousand slaves brought to Louisiana in the 1700s and 1800s

Charles City County Virginia Slave Ancestor File ( – lists 237 slave surnames, 49 plantation reports, 122 slave owner reports, and 707 total records displaying the slave name, their owner, the plantation they lived on, their gender, the date, and some information details for slaves in Charles City County Virginia

Chester County Pennsylvania Fugitive Slave Records, 1820-1839 ( An online index of cases where African Americans were claimed in Chester County as fugitive slaves

Mississippi, Wilkinson County Newspaper Slave Ads, 1823-1849 ( –’s online index of slave ads in the Woodville Republic and Wilkinson County Advertiser newspapers

Sydney Howard Gay’s Record of Fugitives 1855-1856 ( – Hosted by Columbia University Libraries, includes online notebooks, lists of fugitive slaves, image files and links to other resources

Texas Runaway Slave Project by the East Texas Research Center ( – A database of over 1,400 runaway slave advertisements, articles and notices from newspapers published in Texas

Slave Bills of Sale Project ( – Two volumes published in 1986 by the African-American Family History Association, the microfilmed records are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah

Large Slaveholders of 1860 and African American Surname Matches from 1870 by Tom Blake ( – A Rootsweb project began in 2001, providing the names of slaveholders and slaves they held in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia counties

Sankofagen Wiki ( – A wiki collection of records related to U.S. antebellum plantations, farms, factories, manors, etc. that used African slave labor

Washington, D.C., Slave Emancipation Records, 1851-1863 ( –’s online database of emancipation papers, manumission papers, and case papers related to fugitive slaves in the District of Columbia

American Slave Narratives: An Online Anthology ( – Interviews of over 2,300 former slaves from 1936 to 1938 under the Works Progress Administration, archived by the University of Virginia

M1883 Selected Records of the Danish West Indies, 1672-1917: Essential Records Concerning Slavery and Emancipation (compiled by Paul Rood) – A downloadable document regarding records concerning the institution of slavery and the emancipation of slaves in the Virgin Islands during the period of Danish Rule from 1672-1917.  The records are part of the Records of the Government of the Virgin Islands, Record Group (RG) 55, with selected records on 11 rolls of microfilm held by the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (M1883).

U.S., Interviews with Former Slaves, 1936-1938 ( –’s online database of over 2,300 former slave narratives and 500 photographs collected by the Federal Writers’ Project of the Works Progress Administration in the 1930s.

And there are many, many links to slave narrative books from multiple states and other books related to researching slave records in our blog store at


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